Spanish National Research Council · University of Seville
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Candidates sought for predoctoral contract (Formación de Personal Investigador-Research Personnel Training) associated with the HW-IDENTIoTY research project (Design of hardware solutions to manage people and things identities with trust, security and privacy in IoT ecosystem).
Admission period: until October 29, 2018.   [+info]
The Neuromorphic Group at IMSE has openings for Post-Doc or Pre-Doc positions to work on a project.
Sigma-Delta ADCs for IoT - Basics and Innovations.
Second Seasonal School in 'Circuits and Systems for the Industrial Internet-of-Things' (CAS4IIoT)
José M. de la Rosa
Nova University of Lisbon (FCT NOVA), Portugal
November 29, 2018
♦ IMSE-Forum Seminar
- Implementation of identity-based cryptographic primitives in embedded systems.
Raudel Cuiman Márquez
- Zero-knowledge proofs for PUF-based authentication of IoT devices. [Cancelled]
- A survey on biometrics based on physiological signals for security applications in mobile devices.
David López Carrillo
Salón de Grados IMSE.
October 19, 2018 · 11:00 a.m.
In search of the eternal youth of electronic circuits.
Juan Núñez Martínez
October 11, 2018
Participation of the Instituto de Microelectrónica de Sevilla in the European Researchers' Night.
Acquisition of biometric data in microelectronic devices.
Rosario Arjona López
September 28, 2018

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Recent publications
Trusted Cameras on Mobile Devices Based on SRAM Physically Unclonable Functions  »
Nowadays, there is an increasing number of cameras placed on mobile devices connected to the Internet. Since these cameras acquire and process sensitive and vulnerable data in applications such as surveillance or monitoring, security is essential to avoid cyberattacks. However, cameras on mobile devices have constraints in size, computation and power consumption, so that lightweight security techniques should be considered. Camera identification techniques guarantee the origin of the data. Among the camera identification techniques, Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) allow generating unique, distinctive and unpredictable identifiers from the hardware of a device. PUFs are also very suitable to obfuscate secret keys (by binding them to the hardware of the device) and generate random sequences (employed as nonces). In this work, we propose a trusted camera based on PUFs and standard cryptographic algorithms. In addition, a protocol is proposed to protect the communication with the trusted camera, which satisfies authentication, confidentiality, integrity and freshness in the data communication. This is particularly interesting to carry out camera control actions and firmware updates. PUFs from Static Random Access Memories (SRAMs) are selected because cameras typically include SRAMs in its hardware. Therefore, additional hardware is not required and security techniques can be implemented at low cost. Experimental results are shown to prove how the proposed solution can be implemented with the SRAM of commercial Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) chips included in the communication module of the camera. A proof of concept shows that the proposed solution can be implemented in low-cost cameras.

Journal Paper - Sensors, vol. 18, no. 10, art, 3352, 2018 MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/s18103352    ISSN: 1424-8220    » doi
R. Arjona, M.A. Prada-Delgado, J. Arcenegui and I. Baturone
Guest Editorial Special Issue on the 2018 ISICAS: A CAS Journal Track Symposium  »
This special issue of the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs (TCAS-II) includes papers presented at the International Symposium on Integrated Circuits and Systems (ISICAS), held in Taormina, Italy, on 2-3 September 2018. This is the first edition of this symposium and a new initiative of the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society (CASS), which includes a selection of original works in very diverse areas of integrated circuits and systems, describing integrated implementations with experimental results. In contrast to conventional symposia and conferences, ISICAS is a Journal Track Symposium which does not produce proceedings. Instead, the works presented at the conference are published in two journal special issues. One of them is the issue that you are holding and the other one is a special issue of the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers (TCAS-I). The technical program of the conference is therefore made up of those papers which has been accepted for publication in these special issues of TCAS-I and TCAS-II.

Journal Paper - IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, vol. 65, no. 10, pp 1289-1289, 2018 IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/TCSII.2018.2862988    ISSN: 1549-7747     » doi
J.M. de la Rosa, E. Bonizzoni and F. Maloberti
Phase Transition FETs for Improved Dynamic Logic Gates  »
Transistors incorporating phase change materials (Phase Change FETs) are being investigated to obtain steep switching and a boost in the ION/IOFF ratio and, thus, to solve power and energy limitations of CMOS technologies. In addition to the replacement of the transistors in conventional static CMOS logic circuits, the distinguishing features of Phase Change FETs can be exploited in other application domains or can be useful for solving specific design challenges. In this paper, we take advantage of them to implement a smart dynamic gate in which undesirable contention currents are reduced, leading to speed advantage without power penalties.

Journal Paper - IEEE Electron Device Letters, first online, 2018 IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/LED.2018.2871855    ISSN: 0741-3106    » doi
M.J. Avedillo, M. Jiménez and J. Núñez
Optimal Localist and Distributed Coding of Spatiotemporal Spike Patterns Through STDP and Coincidence Detection  »
Repeating spatiotemporal spike patterns exist and carry information. Here we investigated how a single spiking neuron can optimally respond to one given pattern (localist coding), or to either one of several patterns (distributed coding, i.e., the neuron's response is ambiguous but the identity of the pattern could be inferred from the response of multiple neurons), but not to random inputs. To do so, we extended a theory developed in a previous paper (Masquelier, 2017), which was limited to localist coding. More specifically, we computed analytically the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of a multi-pattern-detector neuron, using a threshold-free leaky integrate-and-fire (LIF) neuron model with non-plastic unitary synapses and homogeneous Poisson inputs. Surprisingly, when increasing the number of patterns, the SNR decreases slowly, and remains acceptable for several tens of independent patterns. In addition, we investigated whether spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) could enable a neuron to reach the theoretical optimal SNR. To this aim, we simulated a LIF equipped with STDP, and repeatedly exposed it to multiple input spike patterns, embedded in equally dense Poisson spike trains. The LIF progressively became selective to every repeating pattern with no supervision, and stopped discharging during the Poisson spike trains. Furthermore, tuning certain STDP parameters, the resulting pattern detectors were optimal. Tens of independent patterns could be learned by a single neuron using a low adaptive threshold, in contrast with previous studies, in which higher thresholds led to localist coding only. Taken together these results suggest that coincidence detection and STDP are powerful mechanisms, fully compatible with distributed coding. Yet we acknowledge that our theory is limited to single neurons, and thus also applies to feed-forward networks, but not to recurrent ones.

Journal Paper - Frontiers in Neuroscience, vol. 12, article 74, 2018 FRONTIERS RESEARCH FOUNDATION
DOI: 10.3389/fncom.2018.00074    ISSN: 1662-4548    » doi
T. Masquelier and S.R. Kheradpisheh
Guest editorial special issue on computational image sensors and smart camera hardware  »
Recent advances in both software and hardware technologies are enabling the emergence of vision as a key sensorial modality in various application scenarios. Concerning hardware, all of the components along the signal chain play a significant role when it comes to implementing smart vision-enabled systems. At the front end, new circuit structures for sensing, processing, and signal conditioning are adding functionalities in CMOS imagers beyond the mere generation of 2-D intensity maps. Moreover, the development of vertical integration technologies is facilitating monolithic realizations of visual sensors where the incorporation of computational capabilities has no impact at all on image quality. Typically, the outcome of the front-end device in a smart camera will be a preprocessed flow of information ready for further efficient analysis. At this point, specific ICs known as vision processing units can be inserted to accelerate the processing flow according to the targeted application. On the other hand, reconfigurability is a valuable asset in the ever-changing field of vision. FPGAs leverage cutting-edge digital technologies to offer flexible hardware for exploration of different memory arrangements, data flows, and processing parallelization. It is precisely parallelization for which GPUs constitute an interesting alternative in smart cameras when massive pixel-level operation is required. This is the case of state-of-the-art vision algorithms based on convolutional neural networks. At higher level, DSPs and multicore CPUs make software development notably easier at the cost of losing hardware specificity. Overall, this special issue aims at covering some of the latest research works in the vast ecosystem of hardware for artificial vision.

Journal Paper - International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, Computational Image Sensors and Smart Camera Hardware, vol. 46, no. 9, pp 1577-1579, 2018 JOHN WILEY & SONS
DOI: 10.1002/cta.2551    ISSN: 0098-9886    » doi
J. Fernández-Berni, R. Carmona-Galán, G. Sicard and A. Dupret

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Last update: 18.10.2018

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